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A computable universe : understanding and exploring nature as computation
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Description
Rating
Title
A
computable
universe
:
understanding
and
exploring
nature
as
computation
Contributors
Zenil, Hector.
World Scientific (Firm)
DescriptionAbstract
This
volume
, with a
foreword
by
Sir
Roger
Penrose
,
discusses
the
foundations
of
computation
in
relation
to
nature
.
It
focuses
on
two
main
questions
: What
is
computation
? How
does
nature
compute
? The
contributors
are
worldrenowned
experts
who
have
helped
shape
a
cuttingedge
computational
understanding
of the
universe
. They
discuss
computation
in the
world
from a
variety
of
perspectives
,
ranging
from
foundational
concepts
to
pragmatic
models
to
ontological
conceptions
and
philosophical
implications
. The
volume
provides
a
stateoftheart
collection
of
technical
papers
and
nontechnical
essays
,
representing
a
field
that
assumes
information
and
computation
to be
key
in
understanding
and
explaining
the
basic
structure
underpinning
physical
reality
.
It
also
includes
a
new
edition
of
Konrad
Zuse's
"
Calculating
Space
"
(the
MIT
translation)
, and a
panel
discussion
transcription
on the
topic
,
featuring
worldwide
experts
in
quantum
mechanics
,
physics
,
cognition
,
computation
and
algorithmic
complexity
. The
volume
is
dedicated
to the
memory
of
Alan
M
Turing

the
inventor
of
universal
computation
, on the
100th
anniversary
of his
birth
, and
is
part
of the
Turing
Centenary
celebrations
.
DescriptionTable Of Contents
1
.
Introducing
the
computable
universe
/
H
.
Zenil

2
.
Origins
of
digital
computing
:
Alan
Turing
,
Charles
Babbage
,
&
Ada
Lovelace
/
D
.
Swade

3
.
Generating
,
solving
and the
mathematics
of
Homo
sapiens
.
E
.
Post's
views
on
computation
/
L
.
De
Mol

4
.
Machines
/
R
.
Turner

5
.
Effectiveness
/
N
.
Dershowitz
&
E
.
Falkovich

6
.
Axions
for
computability
:
do
they
allow
a
proof
of
Church's
thesis
/
W
.
Sieg

7
. The
mathematician's
bias

and the
return
to
embodied
computation
/
S
.
B
.
Cooper

8
.
Intuitionistic
mathematics
and
realizability
in the
physical
world
/
A.
Baver

9
. What
is
computation
?
Actor
model
versus
Turing's
model
/
C
.
Hewitt

10
.
Reaction
systems
: a
natural
computing
approach
to the
functioning
of
living
cells
/
A.
Ehrenfeucht..
.
[et
al.]

11
.
Bacteria
,
Turing
machines
and
hyperbolic
cellular
automata
/
M
.
Margenstern

12
.
Computation
and
communication
in
unorganized
systems
/
C
.
Teuscher

13
. The
many
forms
of
amorphous
computational
systems
/
J
.
Wiedermann

14
.
Computing
on
rings
/
G
.
J
.
Martinez
, A.
Adamatzky
&
H
.
V
.
McIntosh

15
.
Life
as
evolving
software
/
G
.
J
.
Chaitin

16
.
Computability
and
algorithmic
complexity
in
economics
/
K
.
V
.
Velupillai
&
S
.
Zambelli

17
.
Blueprint
for a
hypercomputer
/
F
. A.
Doria

18
.
Informationtheoretic
teleodynamics
in
natural
and
artificial
systems
/
A.
F
.
Beavers
&
C
.
D
.
Harrison

19
.
Discrete
theoretical
processes
(DTP)
/
E
.
Fredkin

20
. The
fastest
way
of
computing
all
universes
/
J
.
Schmidhuber

21
. The
subjective
computable
universe
/
M
.
Hutter

22
. What
is
ultimately
possible
in
physics
/
S
.
Wolfram

23
.
University
,
Turing
incompleteness
and
observers
/
K
.
Sutner

24
.
Algorithmic
causal
sets
for a
computational
spacetime
/
T
.
Bolognesi

25
. The
computable
universe
hypothesis
/
M
.
P
.
Szudzik

26
. The
universe
is
lawless
or "
panton
chrematon
metron
anthropon
einai
"
/
C
.
S
.
Calude
,
F
.
W
.
Meyerstein
&
A.
Salomaa

27
.
Is
feasibility
in
physics
limited
by
fantasy
alone
?
/
C
.
S
.
Calude
&
K
.
Svozil

28
. What
is
computation
?
(How)
does
nature
compute
?
/
D
.
Deutsch

29
. The
universe
as
quantum
computer
/
S
.
Lloyd

30
.
Quantum
speedup
and
temporal
inequalities
for
sequential
actions
/
M
.
Zukowski

31
. The
contextual
computer
/
A.
Cabello

32
. A
GodelTuring
perspective
on
quantum
states
indistinguishable
from
inside
/
T
.
Breuer

33
.
When
humans
do
compute
quantum
/
P
.
Zizzi

34
.
Open
discussion
on a
computable
universe
/
A.
Bauer..
.
[et
al.]

35
. What
is
computation
?
(How)
does
nature
compute
?
/
C
.
S
.
Calude..
.
[et
al.]

36
.
Calculating
space
(Rechnender
Raum)
/
K
.
Zuse

Afterword
to
Konrad
Zuse's
Calculating
Space
/
A.
German
&
H
.
Zenil
.
Publisher
World Scientific Pub. Co.
Subject
Computational complexity.
Turing machines
Identifier
9789814374309
(electronic
bk.)
;
9789814374293
;
http://www.worldscientific.com/worldscibooks/10.1142/8306#t=toc
Language
eng
Type
Electronic books.
FormatExtent
xliv, 810 p. : ill. (some col.), ports.
Date
c2013
.
OCLC number
874498124
CONTENTdm number
391
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