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Graphical thermodynamics and ideal gas power cycles: ideal gas thermodynamics in brief
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Description
Rating
Title
Graphical
thermodynamics
and
ideal
gas
power
cycles
:
ideal
gas
thermodynamics
in
brief
Creator
Helal, Moufid I.
DescriptionAbstract
In this
book
, an
almost
new
approach
to
modern
thermodynamics
has been
applied
.
One
or
more
useful
qualitative
discussion
statements
have been
extracted
from
each
equation
. These and
other
important
statements
were
numbered
and their
titles
were
situated
in an
index
entitled
"
Helal
and
Others
'
statements
,
definitions
and
rules.
" This
ensures
very
quick
obtaining
of the
required
(for
discussing
and
solving
problems)
statements
,
rules
,
definitions
,
equations
, and their
theoretical
base
that
much
eases
reader's
qualitative
discussions
and
calculations
.
Almost
all
ideal
gas
closed
system
thermodynamic
topics
are
either
discussed
in
depth
or
deeply
abbreviated
. The
topics
discussed
in
depth
are
either
new
original
ones
or
valuable
classical
ones
that
increase
reader's
ability
for
better
understanding
but are
overlooked
or
deeply
abbreviated
in
modern
thermodynamic
books
. In
both
cases
, they are
significantly
improved
. The
main
five
new
ideas
that are
discussed
in
depth
in this
book
are:
(1)
The
ideal
gas
polytropic
process
for
Cv
=
f(T)
and its
analysis
(Chapter
6
,
Part
I)
,
(2)
The
theoretical
realization
of
reversible
gas
state
change
processes
(
510)
,
(3)
Helal
cycle
(s
752)
,
(4)
Helal
graphical
method
for
comparing
and
discussing
power
cycles
(
754)
, and
(5)
the
imperfection
in the
classical
proof
of
Carnot's
efficiency
(theorem)
and its
exclusion
(Chapter
7
,
final
section)
. The
deeply
abbreviated
topics
are
rigorously
discussed
in
depth
in the
majority
of
modern
thermodynamic
books
. To
dissipate
any
misunderstanding
, the
equations
and
statements
that
can
be
misunderstood
are
followed
by
explanatory
sentences
(see
equation
138
and the
paragraph
following
it)
.
DescriptionTable Of Contents
1
.
Basic
concepts
and
definitions

1.1
Unit
systems

1.1.1
Introduction

1.1.2
The
international
system
of
units

1.1.2.1
Deriving
some
secondary
units
from the
primary
ones

1.1.3
The
U.S
.
customary
system
(also
known
as the
English
system)

1.1.4
The
technical
unit
system

1.1.5
Force
and
mass
main
units
'
conversions

1.1.6
Weight
of a
body

1.1.7
Pressure
units

1.1.8
Others
'
definitions

1.1.9
Energy
units

1.1.10
Temperature
units

1.1.11
About
dimensions
'
units
in the
calculating
equations

1.2
Calculations
and
discussions
in
thermodynamics

1.2.1
Calculating
the
area
under
a
plane
curve

1.2.1.1
Graphical
calculation
of the
area
under
y
=
f(x)
curve

1.2.1.2
Analytical
calculation
of the
area
under
y
=
f(x)
curve

1.2.1.3
Tabular
calculation
of the
area
under
y
=
f(x)
curve

1.2.2
Tabular
determination
of
yvalue
versus
a
given
xvalue

1.2.3
Difference
between
two
functions
of the
same
variable

1.3
Summary

Chapter
endnotes
2
. The
working
fluid
and its
basic
properties

2.1
Energy
and its
transformations

2.1.1
Introduction

2.1.2
Types
of
energy

2.1.3
Energy
transformation

2.2
The
heat
engine

2.3
The
process
of
transforming
thermal
energy
into
mechanical
in
heat
engines

2.3.1
Internal
combustion
engines
(in
the
broad
sense)

2.3.2
External
combustion
engines

2.4
Basic
concepts
and
definitions

2.4.1
Introduction

2.4.2
The
pure
substance
and its
molecules

2.4.3
Intermolecular
forces

2.4.4
The
ideal
and
real
gas
subphases

2.4.5
The
thermodynamic
system
(the
system)

2.4.5.1
Introduction

2.4.5.2
Types
of
thermodynamic
systems

2.4.6
Introduction
to the
kineticmolecular
theory

2.4.7
The
state
of a
gas

2.4.7.1
The
definition
of the
state
of a
system

2.4.7.2
The
equilibrium
state

2.4.7.3
Some
state
properties

2.4.8
Modes
of
work

2.4.9
The
simple
compressible
substance
and the
simple
compressible
system

2.4.10
The
state
change
processes
of a
system
(gas)

2.4.11
The
thermodynamic
cycle

2.4.12
The
equilibrium
process
and the
conditions
to
realize
it

2.4.12.1
The
equilibrium
process

2.4.12.2
The
conditions
for
achieving
an
equilibrium
(quasiequilibrium)
process

2.4.12.3
The
minimum
required
number
of
MRs
to
achieve
an
equilibrium
(quasiequilibrium)
WF
state
change
process

2.4.13
The
reversible
process
and the
conditions
to
realize
it

2.4.13.1
The
definitions
of the
reversible
process

2.4.13.2
The
practiced
in
thermodynamics
conditions
for
achieving
a
reversible
process

2.4.13.3
Irreversible
processes

2.4.13.4
The
internally
reversible
processes

2.5
Idealgas
laws

2.5.1
Introduction

2.5.2
Idealgas
equation
of
state
(Clapeyron
equation)
ABR

2.5.3
Avogadro's
law

2.5.3.1
Others
'
statements
(OSs)

2.6
Idealgas
mixtures

2.6.1
The
laws
of
idealgas
mixtures
that
can
be
derived
on the
basis
of the
kinetic
molecular
theory

2.6.1.1
Dalton's
law

2.6.1.2
Amagat's
law

2.6.2
Gas
mixture
composition

2.7
The
boundary
work
calculation

2.8
Recognizing
thermodynamic
properties

2.9
A
brief
overview
of the
properties
of
real
gases

Conclusions

2.10
Summary

Chapter
endnotes
3
. The
first
law
of
thermodynamics

3.1
Heat
transfer
calculations
during
gas
state
change
processes

3.1.1
The
specific
transferred
heat
and the
specific
heat

3.1.1.1
Basic
definitions
and
relations

3.1.2
The
caloric
intensive
properties

3.1.2.1
Internal
energy

3.1.2.2
Enthalpy

3.1.2.3
Ideal
gas
entropy

3.1.3
The
graphical
representation
of the
gas
state
and of the
gas
state
change
processes

3.1.4
General
form
equations
for
calculating
the
boundary
work
and
transferred
heat

3.1.5
Some
of the
rules
,
definitions
, and
notes
,
mainly
used
in this
book
, that
simplify
the
graphical
calculations
and
discussions

3.1.6
The
determination
of the
specific
heats
of
gases

3.1.6.1
The
experimental
determination
of the
specific
heats
of
ideal
gases

3.1.6.2
The
theoretical
determination
of the
specific
heats
of
ideal
gases

3.1.7
Calculating
the
transferred
heat
during
physical
ideal
gas
state
change
processes

3.1.7.1
The
pure
analytical
calculations
of the
transferred
heat
during
physical
ideal
gas
state
change
processes

3.1.7.2
About
the
bad
effect
of
abbreviating
the
calculating
equations
by
cutting
off
their
higherdegree
terms

3.1.7.3
Some
additional
analyses
on
equations
(336)

3.1.7.4
The
tabular
calculations
of the
transferred
heat
during
physical
ideal
gas
state
change
processes

3.1.7.5
The
almost
exact
(highly
accurate)
calculation
of the
transferred
heat

3.1.7.6
The
approximate
calculations
of the
transferred
heat
during
physical
ideal
gas
state
change
processes

3.1.8
The
specific
heat
of a
mixture

3.2
About
heat
transfer
calculations
for
chemical
state
change
processes
of a
gas

3.3
The
zeroth
law
of
thermodynamics

3.4
The
conservation
of
energy
principle
. The
first
law
of
thermodynamics

3.4.1
Introduction

3.4.2
The
first
law
forms

3.5
The
analytical
expression
for the
first
law
of
thermodynamics

3.6
Summary

Chapter
endnotes
4
.
Calculations
of
ideal
gas
physical
state
change
processes
in
closed
systems
(part
I)

4.1
Introduction

4.2
The
special
cases
of the
gas
state
change
processes
and their
representation
on
property
diagrams

4.3
The
special
cases
of the
first
law
of
thermodynamics
for any
gas

4.3.1
The
first
law
of
thermodynamics
for the
isochoric
process

4.3.2
The
first
law
of
thermodynamics
for the
isobaric
process

4.3.3
The
first
law
of
thermodynamics
for the
adiabatic
process

4.3.4
The
first
law
of
thermodynamics
for the
isothermal
process

4.3.5
The
first
law
of
thermodynamics
for the
closed
process

4.4
Calculating
the
ideal
gas
internal
energy
and
enthalpy
changes

4.4.1
Calculating
the
ideal
gas
internal
energy
change

4.4.2
Calculating
the
ideal
gas
enthalpy
change

4.5
The
first
law
of
thermodynamics
for
ideal
gases

4.5.1
The
first
law
of
thermodynamics
for
ideal
gas
isothermal
process

4.6
The
Meyer
equation

4.7
Summary
5
. The
second
law
of
thermodynamics

5.1
Introduction

5.2
The
observed
phenomena
associated
with the
thermalmechanical
transformations

5.2.1
Phenomena
associated
with the
transformation
of
heat
energy
into
mechanical
energy

5.2.1.1
Types
of
heat
engines
in
terms
of their
ability
to
operate
continuously

5.2.1.2
The
cyclic
(periodical)
operating
engine

5.2.1.3
The
noCOE

5.2.2
Phenomena
associated
with the
transformation
of
mechanical
energy
into
thermal
energy

5.2.3
Phenomena
associated
with the
heat
transfer
when
two
objects
(hot
and
cold)
are
contacted

5.3
The
second
law
of
thermodynamics

5.4
The
thermodynamic
cycle

5.4.1
The
direct
thermodynamic
(power)
cycle

5.4.2
The
reverse
thermodynamic
cycle

5.4.3
Notes
about
thermodynamic
cycles
and
cyclic
operating
machines

5.4.4
Evaluating
thermodynamic
cycles

5.4.4.1
Evaluating
engine
cycles
(the
direct
cycles)

5.4.5
The
equipollent
thermodynamic
cycles

5.5
The
Carnot
cycle

5.6
The
reverse
Carnot
cycle

5.7
Introduction
to
Carnot
theorem
(existing
formulations
of
Carnot
theory)

5.8
Entropy

5.9
Heat
regeneration

5.9.1
Basic
concepts
and
definitions

5.9.1.1
The
regeneratable
cycle

5.9.1.2
The
fully
reversible
regeneratable

Cycle

5.9.1.3
The
regenerative
cycle

5.9.1.4
The
nonregenerative
cycle

5.9.1.5
The
nonregeneratable
cycle

5.9.2
The
heat
regenerator

5.9.3
About
cycle's
ability
for
heat
regeneration

5.9.3.1
The
regeneratability
condition

5.9.3.2
Discussing
the
regeneratability
of
some
direct
thermodynamic
cycles

5.10
About
the
theoretical
realization
of
reversible
gas
state
change
processes
: in
brief
(the
full
analysis
in the
second
volume)

5.10.1
Introduction

5.10.2
About
the
imaginary
models
in
thermodynamics

5.10.3
The
traditional/classical
model/method
for
realizing
a
reversible
process

5.11
Summary

Chapter
endnotes
About
the
author

Index
.
Publisher
Momentum Press
Subject
Ideal gas law
Thermodynamics
Identifier (Full text)
http://portal.igpublish.com/iglibrary/search/MPB0000341.html
ISBN
9781606505076
(electronic)
;
9781606505069
(print)
Language
eng
Type
Text
FormatExtent
1 online resource (269 p.)
Date
2017
RelationIs Part Of
Thermal science and energy engineering collection
Purchased by
Puey Ungphakorn Library, Rangsit Campus
OCLC number
1019248712
CONTENTdm number
17359
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